Green Hydrogen as a Future Multi-disciplinary Research at Kathmandu University

Biraj Singh Thapa and Bhola Thapa

Journal of Physics: Conference SeriesVolume 1608Current Research in Hydropower Technologies (CRHT X) 31 March 2020, Kathmandu University, Nepal


Over 100 million tons of hydrogen are produced every year for a range of industrial purposes. The vast majority of this industrial hydrogen is produced from coal gasification or steam methane reforming, both of which need a lot of energy and generate significant carbon dioxide emissions. A much smaller proportion of hydrogen is produced from the electrolysis of water, which can be a far more sustainable and clean method if the electricity is produced from renewable sources. While the urgency of greenhouse gas emission mitigation has increased, many countries have begun to take action to decarbonize their economies. Nepal is expected to have about a 3000 MW electricity surplus by the Year 2030. It is a time to explore alternative use of electricity to make hydropower projects financially feasible. Hence it is also high time to investigate Hydropower-to-Hydrogen (H2H) technology and transfer the relevant knowledge in the region. Kathmandu University (KU) has been leading to initiate and institutionalize the new academic programs and research avenues to address the future need for this country. KU has played a role model to introduce and establish innovative and unique programs in engineering education in Nepal since it was established in 1994. Since the establishment period, KU carried the vision to establish itself as a research-based university. KU has carried the objective to design its academic programs, courses, and curricula to directly contribute to the research problem the industry or society has been facing. The intuitional realization that Green Hydrogen (GH) is the future academic and research need of this country will be the far-slightness of KU.


  • [1]IPCC 2018 Global Warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C (Geneva, Switzerland: IPCC)Google Scholar
  • [2]Staffell I., Scamman D., Abad A.V., Balcombe P., Dodds P.E., Ekins P., Shah N. and Ward K.R. 2019 The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in the global energy system Energy & Environmental Science 12 463-491CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • [3]Singh S., Jain S., Venkateswaran P.S., Tiwari A.K., Nouni M.R., Pandey J.K. and Goel S. 2015 Hydrogen: A sustainable fuel for future of the transport sector Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 51 623-633CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • [4]IRENA 2019 Hydrogen: A renewable energy perspectiveGoogle Scholar
  • [5]Hydrogen Council 2017 Hydrogen scaling up, A sustainable pathway for the global energy transition (Hydrogen Roadmap Europe)Google Scholar
  • [6]Brewster S.D., Taylor R. and Phillips R. 1833 The London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of ScienceGoogle Scholar
  • [7]Surya R. 2019 Design and Optimization of Power Sources for Deep Space Missions. International Journal of Research in Engineering Science and Management 2 623-641Google Scholar
  • [8]IEA, 2019. The Future of Hydrogen. IEA, Paris. Scholar
  • [9]Parikh, Kirit et al 2017 Economic benefits from Nepal-India electricity trade–South Asia regional initiative for energy integration (New Delhi, India: Integrated Research and Action for Development)Google Scholar
  • [10]WECS 2013 Nepal’s Energy Sector Vision 2050 A.D. Government of NepalGoogle Scholar
  • [11]Cerniauskas, Simonas et al 2019 Future Hydrogen Markets for Transportation and Industry: The Impact of CO2 Taxes J. Energies 12 4707CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • [12]Ministry of Education, Science & Technology, Government of Nepal 2017 Education in Figures 2017 At a Glance ReportGoogle Scholar
  • [13]Upadhya J.P. 2018 Higher Education in Nepal Parva Journal 24 96-108 2018Google Scholar
  • [14]Thapa B.S., Thapa B., Dahlhaug O.G. and Shrestha S. 2019 Proceedings of Int. Conf. on Advancements in Engineering Education (Sydney, Australia) Research-based education for industrial development: Experiences of Kathmandu University in turbine technologyGoogle Scholar