Nepal is an agricultural country.Its 66 percent population is directly engaged in farming. Farming is subsistent in nature and crop is mostly integrated with livestock. Nepal is richly endowed with agro-biodiversity. In fact, the economy of the country is dominated by agriculture. In trying to increase agricultural production and diversify the agricultural base, the government focused on irrigation, the use of fertilizers and insecticides, the introduction of new implements and new seeds of high-yield varieties, and the provision of credit.
However, the lack of resources and fertilizers, which are exported from third countries, farmers struggle each year with lower harvesting of corps impacting the national economy. In this case scenario, green hydrogen production in the home country can play a major role in agriculture. Not only hydrogen can be used to produce fertilizers but can also be used as Hydrogen water treatment to irrigate crops promoting plant growth. In plants, hydrogen gas enhances tolerance to several abiotic stresses, including salinity and heavy metals which could be beneficial in the entire agricultural system.